Thirty men, woman and children fleeing gang violence in El Salvador have been granted asylum in Australia by the Turnbull government.
The seven families are the first to arrive in Australia from Central American as refugees under a deal struck by Prime Minster Malcolm Turnbull and then US president Barack Obama last year.
Although few other details are available about the 30 individuals – in part to preserve their safety – Fairfax Media understands the main applicants and their family had been living in hiding in El Salvador and faced gang-related intimidation and violence before being transferred to Costa Rica.
The UNHCR, International Organisation for Migration and US government have established a “Protection Transfer Arrangement” in Costa Rica and, after referral by the UNHCR, the Australian government assessed the 30 people and granted them humanitarian visas.
Immigration Minister Peter Dutton – who has been criticised by asylum seekers, the UN and human rights groups for Australia’s offshore detention system and a hardline approach to people attempting to arrive by boat – said the Turnbull government had “restored integrity to our refugee and humanitarian program”.
“Australia remains one of the top three countries for resettlement of refugees. The 2016-17 offshore humanitarian program was the largest in over 30 years.”
According to the UNHCR, the number of people fleeing gang violence in countries such as El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras has skyrocketed in recent years. Most head to Mexico or Costa Rica and then on to the United States